This paper is relevant to the impact areas in the following areas:
|Traits:||Insect Res. (BT), Insect Resistance|
|Tags:||Chrysoperla, non-target effects|
Abstract or Summary
The widespread commercialization of genetically modified (GM) cotton makes it important to assess the potential impact of this recombinant crop on non-target organisms. As important natural enemies of cotton field predators, green lacewing Chrysoperla sinica larvae are exposed to Bt insecticidal proteins expressed by GM cotton by feeding on herbivorous pests, and adults are directly exposed to Bt proteins by cotton pollen consumption. However, potential impacts of transgenic Bt cotton on C. sinica remain unclear. In this study, we evaluated the effects of two transgenic cotton varieties, CCRI41 and CCRI45, which express Cry1Ac (Bt toxin) and CpTI (Cowpea Trypsin Inhibitor), on C. sinica larvae and adults. After being fed with cotton aphids Aphis gossypii reared on transgenic cotton, the survival rate, developmental duration, pupation rate, and emergence rate of larvae were not adversely affected. After being fed two types of transgenic cotton pollen, the 7-day weight of adults and the preoviposition period and the cumulative oviposition of females were not significantly different from control specimen. Taken together, these results indicate that the potential risks of the two tested GM cotton varieties for the predator C. sinica are negligible.
Our study indicated that GM cotton varieties CCRI41 and CCRI45 have no adverse effects on insect predator C. sinica.
Transgenic Cry1Ac/CpTI cotton assessment finds no detrimental effects on the insect predator Chrysoperla sinica (held on an external server, and so may require additional authentication details)
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