Transcriptomic and proteomic responses to herbivory in cultivated, Bt-transgenic and wild rice

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Abstract Background: Strategies are still employed to decrease insect damage in crop production, including conventional breeding with wild germplasm resources and transgenic technology with the insertion of foreign genes, while the insect-resistant mechanism of these strategies remains unclear. Results: Under the feeding of brown planthopper ( Nilaparvata lugens ), cultivated rice (WT) showed less DEGs (568) and DAPs (4) than transgenic rice (2098 and 11) and wild rice CL (1990 and 39) and DX (1932 and 25). Hierarchical cluster of DEGs showed gene expression of CL and DX were similar, slightly distinct to GT, and clearly different from WT. DEGs assigned to the GO terms were less in WT rice than GT, CL and DX, and “Metabolic process”, “cellular process”, “response to stimulus” were dominant. Wild rice CL significantly enriched in KEGG pathways of “Metabolic pathways”, “biosynthesis of secondary metabolites”, “plant-pathogen interaction” and “plant hormone signal transduction”. The iTRAQ analysis confirmed the results of RNA-seq, which showing the least GO terms and KEGG pathways responding to herbivory in the cultivated rice. Synthesize conclusions: This study demonstrated that similarity in the transcriptomic and proteomic response to herbivory for the wild rice and Bt-transgenic rice, while cultivated rice lack of enough pathways in response to herbivory. Our results highlighted the importance of conservation of crop wild species.

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