Success of transgenic cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.): Fiction or reality?

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Abstract or Summary

 Cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) being one of the top most cash crop is
reckoned as main pillar of textile industry. Cotton cultivation has experienced an
outstanding escalation story over the years. The per unit yield and area under cultivation
have all incremented to record towering levels. But question is how Bt cotton has
contributed and whether it is satisfactory or not. At present for finding a conclusion,
we need unfathomable analyses and investigations related to multiple aspects of
global cotton cultivation. Genetic engineering is considered as an imperative tool in
cotton breeding with a role in empowerment of traditional strategies for improvement
in net yield and related factors. Among multitude of reasons for massive shifting to
Bt cotton cultivation in the world include inadequate germplasm, climatic conditions,
irrigated area, usage of fertilizers and pesticides. We should consider Bt cotton a miracle
solution .Therefore, it is probable that Bt cotton along with newly developed strategies,
improved irrigation systems and superior chemical application may enhance
the production quality and quantity as well. Our review brings into light the success of
cotton genetic engineering over the last two decades and probable future prospects.

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