Safety assessment of phytase transgenic maize 11TPY050 in Sprague-Dawley rats by 90-day feeding study

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Abstract or Summary

The present study aimed to evaluate the subchronic toxicity of feeding with phytase-transgenic maize line 11TPY050 in Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats. Rats (n = 10/sex/group) were fed with 12.5%, 25% or 50% (w/w) transgenic maize diet, 12.5%, 25% or 50% (w/w) non-transgenic isoline OSL940 maize diet, or 50% (w/w) commercially available Zhengdan958 maize diet for 90 days. Daily clinical observations and weekly measurements of body weights and food consumption were conducted. Blood samples were collected on day 46 and day 91 for hematology and clinical chemistry evaluations. At the end of the study, macroscopic and microscopic examinations were performed. No effects on body weight and food consumption were observed. The results of hematology, clinical chemistry, and absolute and relative organ weights in the transgenic maize group were comparable to those in the parental maize group. Several statistical differences were not dose-related and were not considered to be biologically significant. Furthermore, the terminal necropsy and histopathological examination showed no treatment-related changes among the groups. The results from the present 90-day feeding study of phytase-transgenic maize 11TPY050 indicated no unexpected adverse effects in SD rats. The phytase transgenic maize 11TPY050 has substantial equivalence with non-transgenic maize.

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