GM crops 1996-2012: A review of agronomic, environmental and socio-economic impacts

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Abstract or Summary

Abstract Excerpts:¬†Overall, the impact of GM crops has been positive in both the developed and developing worlds….Agronomically, yields per unit area have increased due to enhanced pest and weed control….In terms of energy investment, GM crops are ‘greener’ than non-GM crops because reduced insecticide applications lowers energy input i.e the carbon footprint…..Ecologically, non-target and beneficial organisms have benefitted from reduced pesticide use….Income for large- and small-scale farmers, commercial and subsistent farmers has increased…..Health benefits have been achieved through reduction pesticide use but also by augmenting of specific nutrients i.e biofortification….Overall, GM crops have proved to be a positive addition to the many technologies which comprise modern agriculture.

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