Compositional analysis of transgenic Bt-chickpea resistant to Helicoverpa armigera

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Abstract or Summary

Transgenic chickpeas expressing high levels of a truncated version of the cry1Ac (trcry1Ac) gene conferred complete protection to Helicoverpa armigera in the greenhouse. Homozygous progeny of two lines, Cry1Ac.1 and Cry1Ac.2, had similar growth pattern and other morphological characteristics, including seed yield, compared to the non-transgenic counterpart; therefore, seed compositional analysis was carried out. These selected homozygous chickpea lines were selfed for ten generations along with the non-transgenic parent under contained conditions. A comparative seed composition assessment, seed storage proteins profiling, and in vitro protein digestibility were performed to confirm that these lines do not have significant alterations in seed composition compared to the parent. Our analyses showed no significant difference in primary nutritional composition between transgenic and non-transgenic chickpeas. In addition, the seed storage protein profile also showed no variation between the transgenic chickpea lines. Seed protein digestibility assays using simulated gastric fluid revealed a similar rate of digestion of proteins from the transgenic trcry1Ac lines compared to the non-transgenic line. Thus, our data suggest no unintended changes in the seed composition of transgenic chickpea expressing a trcry1Ac gene.


Compositional analysis of transgenic Bt-chickpea resistant to Helicoverpa armigera (held on an external server, and so may require additional authentication details)

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