This paper is relevant to the impact areas in the following areas:
|Crops:||Cotton, Maize, Rice|
|Traits:||Fungal Resistance, Insect Res. (BT), Virus Resistance|
|Countries:||Argentina, Brazil, China, Egypt, India, Kenya, Mexico, Philippines, South Africa, Thailand|
|Regions:||Africa, Asia, North America, South America|
Abstract or Summary
Developing countries are already benefiting and should continue to benefit significantly from advances in plant biotechnology. Insect-protected cotton containing a natural insecticide protein from Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt cotton) is providing millions of farmers with increased yields, reduced insecticide costs and fewer health risks. Many other useful plant biotechnology products that can benefit poor farmers and consumers are in the research and development pipelines of institutions in developing countries, and should soon reach farmers? fields.
Bt cotton: yield increase, reduction of insecticides and costs, less exposure, less labor
Disease resistant varieties in rice and cassava by marker assisted breeding
Striga control in Africa (imazapyr resistant maize and seed coating)
Look into the future:
– drought tolerance important
– enhanced human nutrition (golden rice)
Paper reproduced from Current Opinion in Plant Biology, 6:191-198, GH Toenniessen et al, 2003 with permission from Elsevier. (www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/13695266)
Advances in plant biotechnology and its adoption in developing countries (held on an external server, and so may require additional authentication details)
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