A 90-day subchronic toxicology screen of genetically modified rice Lac-3 and its effects on the gut microbiota in Sprague-Dawley rats

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Abstract or Summary

A 90-day subchronic toxicology screen of genetically modified (GM) rice Lac-3 expressing human lactoferrin (hLF) and its effects on the gut microbiota were studied in comparison to non-GM rice fed to Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats. Three different dietary concentrations (17.5%, 35% and 70%, w/w) of the GM rice or its corresponding non-GM rice were used. Additionally, the phylotypes of gut microbiota in the control group, the 70% GM rice diet group and the 70% non-GM rice diet group on day 90 were determined by 16S rRNA sequencing. The results of the 90-day subchronic feeding study demonstrated that the GM rice Lac-3 containing human lactoferrin (LF) gene is considered as safe as the non-GM rice. The results of bacterial 16S rRNA sequencing showed that the structure of gut microbiota in the 70% GM group slightly changed when compared with the control group and the 70% non-GM group. There were no significant differences in the microbiota diversity among the three groups.

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A 90-day subchronic toxicology screen of genetically modified rice Lac-3 and its effects on the gut microbiota in Sprague-Dawley rats (held on an external server, and so may require additional authentication details)

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