15 Years of Genetically Modified Crops in Argentine Agriculture

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Abstract or Summary

Argentina is one of the leading countries in the use of genetically modified crops in agriculture, with more than 22 million hectares dedicated to soybean, maize and cotton crops using this type of technologies. The process of adoption of GM technologies began in 1996 with the introduction of glyphosate herbicide‐tolerant soybean, and it has continued uninterruptedly, with an almost unprecedented dynamic adoption rate at world scale that has made such type of technologies to be now used in nearly all soybean crops, in 86% of maize crops, and 99% of cotton crops. This process has implied cumulative gross earnings for Argentina amounting to US$ 72,645.52 million. Out of such total figure, US$ 65,435.81 million accounted for herbicide‐tolerant soybean, US$ 5,375 million to (Bt) insect‐resistant and herbicide‐tolerant maize (single and combined events) and US$ 1,834 million to insect‐resistant and herbicide‐tolerant cotton (single and combined events).

This paper is divided into 5 chapters; an introduction, an economic impact analysis, an estimate of the future potential earnings, an analysis of environmental impacts, finishing with a conclusion and the challenges of being an early adopter.

 

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